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Bed Bug

How to Prepare
for Bed Bug Treatment 

The bed will need to be stripped of its sheets and bedding, and the headboard detached from the bed frame. Put sheets and bedding in large plastic garbage bags and seal immediately.

Any belongings that may be strewn about the room will give bed bugs more places to hide and make it tougher to get an effective application, as well as making it more difficult for a good inspection. Dresser drawers, chest drawers, and nightstand drawers must be emptied and any clothing put in plastic bags and sealed. It's best to take bedding and clothing and launder them in hot water and dried at the highest heat possible; remember, it's not the washing machine that kills the bed bugs, but the high heat of the dryer. Anything that cannot be washed must, if possible, be put in the dryer at a high heat temperature of at least 120 degrees for a minimum of 30 minutes. Most dryers reach this very easily if set on high.

This is an excellent time to declutter the house or purge a lot of old newspapers and magazines, children's stuffed animals, and dog or cats toys. This will ensure that a thorough job is done for you.

If your home has a lot or even a few framed or unframed pictures or posters on the wall, remove and inspect them and keep them off the floor. Usually, a kitchen or dining room table can be used for temporary storage of these items. Frames are a common hiding place for bed bugs, especially above beds or couches against the wall.

Closets must have all shoes bagged. Thoroughly inspect them, and if you are able to put them in a dryer without damaging them, it is highly recommended that you do so. They also can be put in plastic bags, sealed tightly, and then put out in the sun for several days. This could help eliminate any adults, nymphs, or eggs. The floors of closets must be emptied, so baseboards, cracks, and any crevices can be treated.

Remove pets! They will need to be out of the house for a minimum of three hours before they can return. Fish tanks or terrariums must have their air and filters shut off and sealed tightly. Please consult your local vet or pet professional for concerns about your pets.

You must evacuate during the treatment and not return until three hours have passed from the end of treatment.

Habitat & Behavior of Bed Bugs

Female bed bugs lay from 200 to 500 eggs in batches of 10 to 50 on primarily rough surfaces. The eggs will hatch in approximately 10 days. The whole life cycle from an egg to an adult will vary depending on the temperature but will require anywhere from five weeks to four months. Bed bugs can go without a feeding from 75 to 150 days; the older stages have been known to go longer than a year without a feeding and can survive.

Infestations are usually recognized by a few different indicators, such as how many bites a person may have, the number of welts, and how bad the irritation is on a person from all of the bites. The number of blood blotches on the sheets, pillowcases, and mattress or fecal smears are also a good indication. Bed bugs are not typically associated with the transmission of diseases. The medical significance of the bed bug is usually limited to itching and inflammation from their bites.